RICCAR in the Press
ESCWA developed this background paper as a contribution to the chapter on “Climate change, land, water and agriculture: impacts and responses” of the regional report on the State of Land and Water Resources (SOLAW). The SOLAW report, published by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) office for the Near East and North Africa (NENA) zooms into the most pressing issues in the region, including the preservation of land and water resources to ensure food security. Looking at the most recent projections, the report presents what the prevailing agricultural conditions are likely to be in the middle of the century, and what implications this should have for agricultural policies. The impacts of climate change on various farming systems and agriculture productivity are also described.
The document highlights the challenges of adapting agriculture sectors and livelihoods in the medium to long-term period, requiring technical and policy responses, and discusses response options, institutions, policy and planning solutions. It also emphasizes the importance of monitoring progress and aligning monitoring and evaluation of climate with national systems, against SDG 13 and countries' NDC commitments.
Many of the impacts of climate change are transboundary in nature — that is, climate impacts in one country could exacerbate risks in others, especially given the variance between Middle East countries in terms of natural resource endowments and socio-economic conditions. This volume of insights aims to address this question by shedding light on key climate threats faced by countries in the region, examining the current state of climate action in mitigating and adapting to climate change, highlighting the implementation gaps in areas such as water, energy, tourism and finance, and offering possible solutions. It also aims to identify avenues for countries of the region to voice their regional climate concerns and interests at COP 27.
Centre on the Future of War, America and Arizona State University.
World Politics Review WPR
Vasileios Markantonis1*, Arnaud Reynaud1, Armagan Karabulut1, Rana El Hajj2, Dogan Altinbilek3, Ibrahim M. Awad4, Adriana Bruggeman5, Vangelis Constantianos6, Jaroslav Mysiak7, Nicola Lamaddalena8, Mohamed Salah Matoussi9, Henrique Monteiro10, Alberto Pistocchi1, Ugo Pretato11, Naser Tahboub12, Ismail Kaan Tunçok13, Olcay Ünver14, Remco Van Ek15, Bárbara Willaarts16, Sönmez Bülent17, Turan Zakir18 and Giovanni Bidoglio1*
1Joint Research Centre, European Commission, Ispra, Italy; 2Issam Fares Institute for Public Policy and International Affairs, Beirut, Lebanon; 3International Water Resources Association, Nanterre, France; 4Al-Quds University, Jerusalem, Palestine; 5The Cyprus Institute, Nicosia, Cyprus; 6Global Water Partnership-Mediterranean (GWP-Med), Athens, Greece; 7Risk Assessment and Adaptation Strategies, Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici and Ca' Foscari University of Venice, Venice, Italy; 8International Center for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies, Valenzano, Italy; 9University of Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia; 10Business Research Unit (BRU-IUL), Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Lisbon, Portugal; 11Studio Fieschi & Soci Srl, Turin, Italy; 12Union for the Mediterranean (UfM), Barcelona, Spain; 13Solaris Consultancy, Ancara, Turkey; 14Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy; 15DELTARES, Delft, Netherlands; 16Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain; 17Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Ankara, Turkey; 18Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs, Ankara, Turkey
Shengjin Wang 1, Hongru Yang 1, Quoc Bao Pham 2, Dao Nguyen Khoi 3 and
Pham Thi Thao Nhi 4
Jilin University, Changchun, China; National Cheng-Kung University, Taiwan; University Ho Chi Minh City, Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam
Wanfang Chen; Stefano Castruccio; Marc G. Genton; aola Crippa
Royal Meteorological Socity
Sheika Henry and Francisco de Assis Mendonça
Department of Geography, Federal University of Parana, Curitiba 81531-980, Brazil
Jonathan Spinoni; Paulo Barbosa: Edoardo Bucchignani; John Cassano; Tereza Cavazos; Jensh. Christensen; Ole B. Christensen; Erika Coppola; Jason Evans; Beate Geyer; Filippo Giorgi; Panos Hadjinicolaou; Daniel Ajacob; Jack Katzfey; Torben Koenigk; René Laprise; Christopher J. Lennard; M. Leven Tkurnaz; Deleili; Martal Lopart; Niallm Ccormick; Gustavo Naumann; Grigory Nikulin; Tugba Ozturk; Hans-Juergen Panitz; Rosmeri Porfirio Darocha; Burkhard Trockel; Silvinaa. Solman; Jozef Syktus; Fredolin Tangang; Claas Teichmann; Robert Vautard; Jürgenv. Vogt; Katja Winger; George Zittis; And Alessandro Dosio
a European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy; b Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, Lecce, Italy; c Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, and Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences,University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado; d Centro de Investigacion Cientifica y de Educacion Superior de Ensenada, Ensenada, Mexico; e Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; f Danish Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark; g Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy; h Faculty of Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; i Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Institute of Coastal Research, Hamburg, Germany; j Energy, Environment and Water Research Center, Cyprus Institute, Nicosia, Cyprus; k Climate Service Center Germany, Hamburg, Germany; L Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Marine and Atmospheric Research, Aspendale, Victoria, Australia; m Rossby Centre, Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute, Norrkoping, Sweden; n Département des Sciences de la Terre et de l’Atmosphère, University du Quebec à Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; o Climate System Analysis Group, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; p Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey; q Center for Climate Change and Policy Studies, Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey; r Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Oceanology, Qingdao, China; s Sao Paulo State University and Bauru Meteorological Centre (IPMet/UNESP), Bauru, Sao Paulo, Brazil; t Department of Physics, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Isik University, Istanbul, Turkey; u Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany; v Departimento de Ciencias Atmosféricas, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; w Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Departamento de Ciencias de la Atmósfera y los Océanos, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina; x Centro de Investigaciones del Mar; y la Atmósfera, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina y Global Change Institute, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; z Department of Earth Sciences and Environment, The National University of Malaysia (UKM), Selangor, Malaysia; aa National Centre for Scientific Research, Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l’Environment, Gif-sur-Yvette, France; bb Norwegian Research Centre AS (NORCE), Bergen, Norway
Oweis Omran El-Sayed; M. Negm Abedlazim