Skip to main content

  • Home
  • /
  • Training Manual Agricultural Extension Agents Use Riccar Climate Data Crop Model Apsim
A training manual for agricultural extension agents: The use of RICCAR climate data in a crop model (APSIM) to identify context-based climate adaptation and mitigation options
Lead Author: ESCWA/ICARDA/Sida


The main objective of this training manual is to develop step-by-step instructional materials for agriculture extension agents on how to integrate and utilize long-term climate data in a typical and commonly used crop model such as the Agricultural Production Systems Simulator (APSIM) and identify a Context-Based Climate Adaptation Option (CBCAO), in three unique circumstances. Firstly, taking Morocco as an example, the manual demonstrates yield gap evolution under climate change in a rainfed agroecosystem and the relative effects of two Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) scenarios, Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs) 8.5 and 4.5. Additionally, supplementary irrigation is applied as a key climate adaptation measure in a location suffering from increasing droughts to augment water supply in arid weather conditions. Secondly, taking Iraq as an example, the manual demonstrates changes in water productivity and yield dynamics in an arid but irrigated agroecosystem to show how judicious irrigation techniques, as opposed to conventional irrigation as a climate adaptation measure, can enhance water productivity while also maintaining and possibly maximizing yield. Thirdly, taking Jordan as an example of a semi-arid agroecosystem, the manual demonstrates crop diversification and defines optimum cropping patterns (selection of alternate resilient crops) as a key climate adaptation measure and assesses impacts on soil carbon sequestration.

Download icon
Categories: Training Materials


Latest Tweets

Contact Us


United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)
Riad el Solh square
Tel: +961-1-981301
Fax: +961-1-981510
P.O Box 11-8575
Beirut, Lebanon

Request Data Explore Data

About Riccar


The central aim of this Regional Knowledge Hub is to provide access to information that can facilitate cooperation, coordination, dialogue and exchange among Arab States, organizations and stakeholder and to support awareness raising as well as regional networking and exchange on issues related to climate change and water resources in the region. Access to RICCAR assessment findings and associated datasets is being made available on this Regional Knowledge Hub, which is comprised of two open-access components: a website and a data portal. This online platform complements, and builds upon, the findings and processes already presented in the main report and its technical annex, as well as the series of publications that elaborate further on the work being pursued collectively under RICCAR.